Missing Attachment

Out-of-court actions

Out-of-court actions include oppositions, invalidity actions, or actions carried out prior to legal actions, such as sending cease-and-desist letters actions conducted to resolve any disputes through the stipulation of agreements (e.g. licensing and coexistence agreements). This also includes negotiations for obtaining “letters of consent” (LoCs) for the use and/or registration of a right, in particular in the trademark area.